Cronologia del Santo Cáliz
sito a cura d i Enrico Baccarini
Pietro muore a Roma vittima delle persecuzioni anticristiane
Peter died in Rome victim of anti-Christian persecutions
Santo Caliz is present in Rome. During the first times
of Christianity the only person able to celebrate public
Mass in Rome was the Pope. All the Popes at that time
used this chalice as the true Chalice of Our Lord. They
were celebrating Mass with this Chalice, saying the
words: "Accipiens et HUNC PRAECLARUM CALICEM in
sanctas ac venerabiles manus suas...". Nobody knows
who moved the Holy Grail from Jerusalem to Rome, probably
St Peter or perhaps St Mark did (Eus. He, III, 39, 16;
Iren. Haer. III, 1, 1, etc). It could have been moved
to Rome when the Jerusalem Church preponderance was
over after the first Hebrew war.
II (St Sistus), 24th Pope of Roman Catholic Church,
two days before his martyrdom, grants the
Holy Grail to his deacon, the Spanish Laurence (St Laurence),
with the mission to put it in a safe place. Laurence
orders two Spanish soldiers to carry the Grail to his
parents home at Huesca (Aragon - Spain). There was a
painting in St Laurence's Basilica (Rome)
where was recorded the fact with this saint giving the
Grail to a Spanish soldier (Fresco San Lorenzo fuori
le mura, which exists in a rather poor photo ).
With the Holy Grail, Laurence sent a letter --the definitive
evidence !-- that today is lost, but it was testified
by King Martin of Aragon (Parchment # 136 Martin's colect.--see
below). Pope S. Sistus II and deacon S. Laurence
were dramatically murdered by Valerianus' men.
Cathedral of Huesca is built and the Holy Grail is placed
inside it. The Santo Caliz have been kept at the Laurence's
parents home, a farmhouse on the outskirts of Huesca,
for almost three centuries.
beginning of Moorish invasion of Spain. There existed
the legend that the Moors were searching the Holy Grail,
so the Cathedral of Huesca turned into a no safe place.
The Grail was moved towards Southern Pyrenees, passing
throughout several chapels, churchs and monasteries:
Yebra, S. Pedro de Siresa, S. Pedro el Viejo, S.
Adrian de Sasabe, S. Pedro de Jaca,..., and other secret
army cross the Pyrenees in an expedition by the zone,
a theory claims that Charlemagne introduced the 'Grail-mania'
in Europe after to be listening rumors about the Santo
Caliz in this region.
The Holy Grail looks be in the monastery S. Pedro
de Siresa (Valle de Hecho - Huesca) because the Kings
and Counts of Aragon and Navarra are making considerable
contributions to "el culto a las santas reliquias"
(the worship to the sacred relics). The name of Holy
Grail was explicitly omitted.
this year probably the Holy Grail arrives at San Juan
de la Peña.
Holy Grail is in San Juan de la Peña according to the
first explicit written reference. In a document by D.
Carreras Ramirez, Canon of Zaragoza, which date is 14th
December 1134 says: "En un arca de marfil está
el Cáliz en que Cristo N. Señor consagró su sangre,
el cual envió S. Laurenzo a su patria, Huesca".
("Vida de S. Laurenzo, t. I, p. 109).
de Troyes writes "Li Contes del Graal" (aka
"Perseval"), a tale with 9324 verses where
the 'Saint Graal' appears:
ele fu laiens entree/Atot le graal qu'ele tint/Une si
grans clartez i vint/Qu'ausi perdirent les chandoiles/Lor
clarté come les estoiles/Font quant solaus lieve ou
von Eschembach writes "Parzival" a tale which
story line is basing on Spanish traditions, mentioning
towns such as Zazamanca (Salamanca ?) and Araguz (Zaragoza
?). Later this tale inspired Richard Wagner to write
the opera "Parsifal".
Mahomet, sultan of Egypt, claims have acquired from
Jerusalem the cup used by Jesus Chist at the Last Supper,
then D. Jaime II, king of Valencia and Aragon, buys
the sultan this chalice and places it in Palace 'Alfajeria'
of Zaragoza. According to the J.A.Oñate's hypothesis
this cup is converted into the Santo Caliz foot by king
Martin 'el Humano' (see the next section.)
Martin 'el Humano', King of Aragon (also king
of Valencia, Majorca, Sardinia, Corsica and Sicily),
backed by the antipope Benedictus XIII, forces the Abbot
of S. Juan de la Peña to hand the Holy Grail over him.
A notarial deed records the act: "Cáliz de piedra
en el cual Ntro. Sr. Jesucristo consagró su preciosa
sangre". ("Stone Chalice where Our Lord JesusChrist
consecrated his precious blood".) The Holy Grail
was deposited on the Real Palace 'Aljaferia' in Zaragoza.
Later it was transfered to king Martin's residence in
Martin dies. The Holy Grail is amongst his belongings.
D. Alfonso V of Aragon(II of Valencia, also King of
Majorca, Napoles and Sicily ) sends the Holy Grail toValencia.
It is deposited on the Palacio Real (this palace was
demolished in 1810).
Juan, king of Navarre, Alfonso's brother and right-hand,
is requesting funds to support the conquest of Napoles,
then he, in the name of his brother, must place in deposit
the Holy Grail in the Saint Cathedral of Valencia. Years
later, king Alfonso V and other kings of Aragon were
trying rescue it but they weren't able to raise enough
amount. Finally the Cathedral of Valencia gave Aragon
kingdom 40,000 'gold ducates' for be the perpetual custody
of this Holy relic.
procession of Santo Caliz is established by S.
Juan de Ribera.
Honorato Figuerola, Canon of Valencia, dies donating
a part of his inheritance to establish an annual celebration
to Santo Caliz. The Holy Grail day is on 14th September.
the Holy Week services, when the Archpriest D. Vicente
Frigola is taking the Santo Caliz, it slips out his
hands and falls over. The stone chalice breaks into
two fragmets. All people being present at the Cathedral
were stunned, even D. Vicente dies a few days later
due to the great distress. The repair was carried out
by the great jeweler D. Luis Vicent doing such a magnificient
job that now the fracture is no noticeable except two
small fissures at the border.
starts the Independence war against the French troops
of Napoleon. The Grail is moved to Alicante, Majorca
Independence war ends and the Santo Caliz returns to
Wagner writes the opera 'Parsifal' locating the Grail
'castle' at southern Pyrenees.
built the 'Capilla del Santo Caliz', inside the Cathedral.
The Holy Grail is placed there, the exact place where
Archbishop, D. Salvador Barrera, approves the statute
of the "Real Hermandad del Santo Cáliz".
the beggining of the Spanish civil war. Doña María
Sabina Suey, with the Providence's help, achieves to
put the Grail in a safe place against the satanic attempts
of the 'Rojos' (Marxists) to take it.
civil war ends. The 'Santo Caliz' returns to the devastated
Cathedral of Valencia. While the Cathedral is being
repaired the Grail stays in 'La Lonja'.
that is interested in the Holy Grail lore, sends his
right-hand Himmler to monastery of Monserrat (Catalunya
- Spain) where they were thinking the Grail was, to
take it, fortunately they didn't know it had just been
placed at the Cathedral of Valencia.
Marcelino Olaechea creates the "Cofradia del Santo
Cáliz" the articles of this Brotherhood are deposited
in the Vatican.
Wagner, Richard Wagner's son, was interviewed for "Heraldo
de Aragon" newspaper (30th April), he thinks that
his father Richard wasn't considering 'Monsalvat' as
being a specific and exact geographical location.
Pope John XXIII sings the document awarding indulgence
to pilgrims that are going to Valencia Cathedral to
pray to Santo Caliz. Vatican Reg.#2164/59.
Centenary of Holy Grail arrival at Spain. A delegation
carrying the Santo Caliz starts a procesion along its
old hosting places.
Antonio Beltran, head of departament of Archaeology
of Universidad de Zaragoza, in collaboration with other
European colleagues, does an exhaustive study of the
Santo Caliz. The conclusion maintains that "There
is no evidence against the possibility this Chalice
would have been used by Jesus Christ at the Last Supper".
last restoration of 'Capilla del Santo Caliz', the
Holy Grail home.
Pope John Paul II visits Valencia. In the Cathedral
he kiss twice the Santo Caliz. He utilizes this Chalice
in the Mass, though in a late change of plan the Pope
celebrates the Mass following the modern canon, so the
words "Accipiens et hunc praeclarum Calicem..."
of the old Roman canon weren't said. That moment had
been eagerly awaited by many Santo Caliz devouts.
Holy Grail makes a new pilgrimage to Jaca and San Juan
de la Peña.
of 'Cofradia del Santo Caliz' go on pilgrimage
to Basilica S. Lorenzo in Rome to thank the sending
of the Holy Grail to Spain.
H. Pope Benedictus XVI, God willing, is going to visit
Valencia. Will he celebrate Mass with the Holy Grail
. Will he say the words "hunc praeclarum Calicem...".
del Santo Grial :
(Jaca) S.Juan de la Peña-Valencia
The Camino del Santo Grial travels the path of the relic identified as the Holy Chalice of the Last Supper, from Aragón
to Valencia, passing through Huesca, Zaragoza
and Teruel .
at wanadoo.fr - 08/08/2016