Santiago : arrival (Rabe) (en)  

 

                                                                           Santiago : arrival (Rabe)

 

                 

                                                 

- 1. gîte privé Acuario

- 2. gare de bus

- 3. gîte Seminario Menor

- 4. Musée d'Art Populaire de Galice

- 5. Musée d'Art Contemporain

- 6. Puerta del Camino

- 7. Musée du Chemin du Pèlerinage

- 8. couvent San Martín Pinario

- 9. couvent San Paio de Antealtares

- 10. cathédrale / praza do Ovradoiro

- 11. Hospital de los Reyes Católicos

- 12. Pazo de Raxoi / Parlement galicien / mairie

- 13. colegio de San Jerónimo

- 14. bureau des pèlerins

- 15. Office du Tourisme

- 16. (Poste Centrale)

- 17. Poste Centrale

- 18. Police

- 19. gare ferroviaire

- 20. hôpital                                              

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  From Monte do Gozo and the route goes slightly downhill (second entrance to the hostel on the left) and crosses the Santiago ring road, the motorway and the railway track. After the round about you keep on the left hand side of the Avda. do Camiño Francés. Past the Palacio de Congresos (on the right hand side of the road, the Museo Pedagógico and behind that the Residencia de Peregrinos San Lazaro, you come into Rúa do Valiño; Alb. Santo Santiago on the right, left down the steps to the private hostel of Acuario (1), on the ground floor of the large apartment block).

 

  The Camino goes straight through Rúa das Fontinas, the Fonte dos Concheiros, crosses Avda. de Lugo, comes through Rúa dos Concheiros into Rúa de San Pedro and arrives via the Porta do Camiño into the old town (to the right through Rúa de Entremuros to the PH O Fogar de Teodomiro). Now it goes through Rúa Casas Reais, Rúa das Animas, across the Praza de Cervantes into Rúa da Acibecheria and continues across the Praza da Inmaculada onto the Praza do Obradoiro to the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela (1 1/4 hr.).

 

  Santiago de Compostela

 

  Santiago de Compostela, the destination of the Way of St. James, is, next to Rome and Jerusalem, the third large place of pilgrimage and one of the most signiftcant destinations for pi/grims in Christendom. Created by and for the cult of St. James, the town is today an architectural and cultural synthe sis of artistic styles - but in no way an open-air museum, far more a very vital and modern university town. The old town appears as if built from one huge mass ofbright-coloured Galician granite.

 

  Along the Rúa dos Concheiros, its name derived from the St. James shell sellers (concheiros) who used to sell the St. James shells here, and the Rúa de San Pedro pilgrims arrived at the entrance to the historical old town, the Porta do Camiño (6), until 1835 the location of one of the seven town gates. Past the Igrexia de Santa Maria do Camiño (18th century) you reach the Praza de Cervantes, with a statue of the Spanish writer Miguel de Cervantes. Continue along Rúa da Acibechería (azabache, in English, jet, shiny black semi-precious stone, a typical souvenir from Santiago). The street opens out onto the Praza da Inmaculada which is closed off on the right by the huge building of the Benedictine monastery of San Martin Pinario (8) (founded shortly after the discovery of the apostle's tomb in the 9th century, today's building 16th-18th century). To the left stands the north façade of the cathedral, next to it the archbishop 's palace Pazo de Xelmirez (12th/ 13th century). Bishop Diego Xelmirez (in Spanish Gelmirez, 1099-1140 Bishop of Santiago de Compostela) was the most important religious-political figure in the early years of the St. James cult.

 

  Beyond this the Praza do Obradoiro opens up in front of the cathedral. It is dominated by the monumental Baroque west façade of the Catedral de Santiago de Compostela (10).

 

  Behind the façade lies the Portico de la Gloria carved between 1166 and 1188 by the inspired genius of Maestro Mateo. The central elements of the rich decoration with ftgures is the middle pillar with the statue of St. James, with Christ the Redeemer above and surrounded by the four evangelists. The base of the column shows signs of wear from millions of pilgrims' hands. Touching the column has since been forbidden.

 

  On the left of the middle pillar stand the prophets of Jeremia, Jesaja, Moses and Daniel on a column, the latter with an enchanted smile on his face. According to many he was delighted with the bare-bosomed that had been carved by the hand of an expert on the opposite side. The church leaders ordered to be f1attened the breasts that were causing unseemly speculations. The farmers, so it is said, made a protest of their own: they made a cheese in the shape of the Corpus delicti and called it Tetilla (Iittle breast).

 

  The kneeling ftgure facing the altar is said to be master Mateo who, allegedly, was destined never to be allowed to see his work. He 's also called Santo dos Croques, the saint of the clout on the head, since you can receive a share of his genius by touching his head three times with your forehead (access is no longerallowed).

 

  The Botafumeiro, the silver-plated censer weighing roughly 60 kg (100 kg full) and 160 cm high, is only used in certain circumstances, otherwise it is kept in the library.It was once used to make more bearable the strong body odour of pilgrims. Todayit is a popular spectacle when, hanging from the 35m long rope, it is swung through the transept. It has twice overshot and ended up outside the church.

 

  The 97m long church interior is dominated by the lavishly carved altar with the Smiling Daniel. gold, silver and jewel encrusted St. James. Not until the steps behind the altar are climbed and the apostle embraced, is the pilgrim journey at an end. The alleged bones of the Saint lie supposedly in the crypt below the altar.

 

  Cathedral: 7.00-21.00,

  museum: June-Sept. Mon.-Sat. 10.00-14.00 and 16.00-20.00, Sun./public holidays 10.00-

14.00, Oct.-May only until 13.30 and 18.30, 5 € .

  One hour guided tours in Spanish/English across the roofs of the cathedral, daily 10.00-14.00 and 16.00-20.00 (on the hour) after booking: tel: 981 552 985, fax: 981 554 403, email: cubiertascatedral@catedraldesantiago.es. 10 €; pilgrims with compostela, people over 65, students and groups: 8 €.

 

  To the left of the cothedral stands the Hospital de los Reyes Católicos (11). The pilgrim hostel founded in 1489 by King Fernando and Queen Isabella is today a Parador Nacional (state-run luxury hotel) and reputedly the oldest hotel in the world only with. There is still the tradition of inviting the first ten pilgrims to breokfast (9.00), lunch (12.00) and evening meol (19.00). For this you hove to arrive at the allotted times at the garage door on the left below the main entrance and present the original or a copy of the compostela (up to 3 days after issue).

 

  The square is dosed off to the west by the Pazo de Raxoi (12) (1777), town hall and seat of parliament for the autonomous administration, to the south by the Colegio de San Jerónimo (13) (17th century), once a school for children of destitute parents, today an institute for Galician studies.

 

  South of the cathedral lie the Praza de Platerias in front of the similarly named, oldest preserved portal of the cathedral and the Praza de Quintana ontowhich the Porta Santa (17th century, adorned with sculptures from the 12th century) opens out during Holy Years.

 

  Museums:

- Cathedrals museum: June-Sept. Mon.-Sat. 10.00-14.00 and 16.00-20.00, Sun./public holidays 10.00-

14.00, Oct.-May only until 13.30 and 18.30, 5 € .

- Museo das Peregrinaciones, history of the PilgrimWay. Rua de San Miguel, Tue.-Fri. 10.00-20.00, Sat. 10.30-13.30 and 17.00-20.00, Sun. 10.30-13.30,2.40 € (Sat. 17.00-20.00 and Sun. free).

- Museo do Pobo Galego, museum of Galician folklore, San Domingo de Bonaval, Tue.-Sat. 10.00-14.00 and 16.00-20.00, Sun./public holidays Il.00-14.00,3 €.

- Centro Galego de Arte Contemporémeo, museum for contemporary art, c/ Valle Indém, Tue.-Sun. Il.00-20.00,

free.

- ln January 2011 in front of the city gates the inauguration took place of the most recent city project, the Cidade da Cultura de Galicia cultural centre designed by the American architect Peter Eisenman, (www.cidadedacultura.org).

 

  Botafumeiro:

  the incense burner should be available to see:

6th Jan., Easter Sunday, Ascension Day. 23rd May. Whitsun, 15th Aug. (Feast of the Assumption), 1st Noy. (All Saints), 8th Dec. (Feast of the Immaculate Conception), 25th. und 30th Dec.

 

  Public holidays:

  Around Ascension Day (Fiestas de la Ascension), processions, catlle market and Pulpo a la Feira. 2nd half of July Santiago Apóstol, big celebration in honour of St. James, amongst other things, spectacular firework display above the cathedral.

 

  Gastronomy:

  Spanish pilgrims often enjoy a mariscada (fish and seafood platter) and finish off with a sweet dessert, a tarta

de Santiago (almond cake).

 

  Information:

  Of de Turismo, Rua do Vilar, 63, tel: 981 555 129. Mon.-Fri. 9.00-19.00, Sat./Sun. 9.00-14.00 and 16.00-

19.00; Easter, summer daily 9.00-21.00. www.santiagoturismo.com.

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  retour à Santiago de Compostela

                

                                                        delhommeb at wanadoo.fr - 01/01/2015